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BIOS stand for Basic Input Output Software. It is an integral part of all computer systems. It is in charge of managing the flow of information between different devices of the PC. It also plays a crucial role while the system boots. It holds unique information, which helps in identifying the computer.
It is the first code that the computer runs when it is switched on. It is a chip that can be located on the motherboard if you open the casing of the CPU and look at it. The BIOS chip is also a Non Volatile Random Access Memory (NVRAM). This means that when the computer is switched off the chip retains its data and the content of it is not lost.
The BIOS plays a number of roles and functions on how a computer operates. Here is a look at some of its uses:-
During the process of booting
‘BIOS’ is an erasable readable memory chip that is located on your microprocessor. When the computer is turned on, during the booting stage BIOS gains control from the microprocessor and first runs a check if everything is in place and in working order. To do this, it conducts a Power On Self Test (POST) to check for all the components.
Following this it loads the Operating System software from the hard disk and loads into the RAM. As a result devices and applications do not have to worry about the address or route of employment. ‘BIOS’ takes care of all these aspects and provides the necessary instructions.
Handling other BIOS chips
This is another crucial aspect of the BIOS program. It handles and activates the BIOS chips that can be found in the micro processors of other devices that are attached to the system. Computer devices like graphic cards come with their own set of BIOS.
CMOS information retrieval
The program also retrieves data and information from CMOS. It is a semiconductor chip and is battery operated. It stores details about time, date and other such computer information. The BIOS has to work in tandem with the CMOS so that changes in valuations of time, date etc from it can be correctly retrieved.
Loads interrupt handlers
These are mini software programs that act as communication agents between the operating system and the hardware. For example, if the user presses one key from the keyboard a signal is sent to the Keyboard interrupt handler, which in turn relays the information to the CPU. The CPU then communicates the information to the Operating System.
Apart from these functions, the BIOS also display system settings and also help in power management. You can also set passwords in the BIOS User Interface (UI) to protect the data you have on your system.
Updating the BIOS can often be a risky process. If for some reason, the users system unexpectedly shuts down during the upgrade process then BIOS may end up getting corrupted. Rectifying it later on can become a tiring and expensive procedure.
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Download WExplorer: Copy, move, rename or delete files, folders, read directory size, Attributes With WExplorer
WExplorer is a small portable freeware of 83 KB, alternative Windows Explorer. It is similar to windows explorer for the ease of the user.
There are two views (1) Tree View on the left and (2) List View on the right. To view the memory distribution to each file and folder in the pie chart format, click on the first option (pie chart) in the toolbar & there the various colours differentiate easily.
One more important option is that we can view the memory taken in Bytes (B), Kilobytes (KB), Megabytes (MB), Gigabytes (GB) and Terabytes (TB). Basically just click on the required options in the toolbar and the outcome will be displayed as shown below:
- explore Windows 95 – Windows 7
- get file-size, last write time, file-extension, file-attributes
- copy, move, rename or delete files and folders
- new drag and drop (List View) between WExplorer and Windows Explorer
- discover reparse points (Windows 7)
- use WExplorer on Windows PE
- “Command Window here” feature for directories
- create “New Folder” or “New File.txt” in current directory
- “Send to” Menu (HKCU\Software\Coopware\WExplorer\Send to)
- read directory size (independent worker threads)
- new double click in pie chart to read folder size
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Download Windows 7 Boot Updater: Update the Windows 7 boot animation, custom background color, text or resume screen
Jeff Bush has launched a freeware tool (Free for non-commercial use) “Windows 7 Boot Updater” that does the change and customizes your Windows 7 Boot screen and Resume Screen with custom one.
Windows 7 Boot Updater enables you to customize the animated screen that is displayed when you start up your computer, or when you wake it from sleep or hibernation mode. In short, Windows 7 Boot Updater is used to completely customize the startup animation.
As shown in the above snapshot, this tool can be used to change the fonts, position, background color, and the images using this tool. It is actually very painless to change the Boot Screen and Resume Screen Text by using Windows 7 Boot Updater and it also comes up with Preview mode in order to view the changes we made. If we want then, we can also restore our default Boot Screen using the same Windows 7 Boot Updater.
Once you are done with customizing Windows 7 boot and resume screens, click on the Apply button in order to view the changes and to let it automatically replace Windows 7 boot screen with the customized ones given by you. Now restart Windows to view the newly applied animation.
# Modifies the boot animation
# Modifies the boot text “Starting Windows” and “© Microsoft Corporation”
# Will compile the animation from 105 BMP, PNG, GIF, or TIFF images
# Does not require any other applications (like ImageX)
# Designed to be idiot-proof by having numerous checks
# Automatically backs up the modified winload.exe and bootres.dll
# Can be run as a GUI or command-line program
# Works for 32-bit or 64-bit Windows 7
# Numerous other little things (e.g. forcing timestamps) to match the original
· .NET Framework 4.0
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After the major beta release by Mozilla for Desktop, Opera has released its Mini 6 for iPad and iPhone. The first major release for iOS after the initial release of Opera Mini 5. It is available on iTunes for free download.
According to Opera, the new features are :
- A fresh new UI look
- Share links directly to all major Social websites.
- YouTube Support
- Improved Zoom for the touchscreens.
- Opera link in the background
- Better font support.
You can even check out the features from here.
Comparatively Opera has a tough competition this time from Mozilla which has released its browser for Mobile but still Opera is dominating in the mobile world.
UTV Indiagames Cricket T20 Fever is gaining the popularity very fast. I downloaded it last month and I will say it one of the best game till now on my HTC Desire. Graphics are awesome, Control settings are good and overall you can feel the play of cricket. Of course it has it own bugs and glitches but overall its simply awesome to play.
Integrated with 3D graphics along with realistic animations and powered by UTV Indiagames proprietary “ICE 3D” cross-platform engine, Cricket T20fever lets gamers play an entire league match series with their favorite world teams, leading them to win the tournament. The game has various modes to choose from including the popular T20 format, One-day matches, Tournament mode and introducing a new PowerPlay mode.
Take my words its one of the best cricket game present on Android App market. One can download it for free from the Android app market or you can play it here.
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